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вторник, 19 января 2016 г.
VDNKH (ВДНХ). A voyage to VDNKH in Moscow, Russia, Eurasia.
This magnificent park in the north of Moscow features more then 250 Soviet-era palaces and pavilions, pompous arches and numerous fountains, Vostok rocket and the Soviet aircaraft. the Soviet name VDNKh means "the Exhibition of the Achievements of the National Economy".
The territory of this complex is greater than that of the Principality of Monaco, its like a fantastic town with avenues, squares and gardens.
This theme park was built during the Stalin's time. The construction started in 1930-s, and in 1954 the exhibition complex acquired the architectural ensemble we see today. Set up to be the showcase of the achievements of the Soviet empire, VDNH had pavilions dedicated to a particular industry or a field ( Engineering, space, atomic energy, people's education, soviet culture and many others). There're also pavilions representing the Soviet Republics, each boasts a unique architectural design. Walking around people's friendship fountain, visitors could have an imaginary trip around the Soviet Empire. One of the most beautiful pavilions is Uzbekista. It's marked by the airy elegance of the eastern architecture.
Not far from the park entrance is the famous Soviet sculpture by Vera Muhina – Worker and Collective Farm Girl. The gigantic figures of man and woman holding hammer and sickle became a Soviet symbol.
The acronym VDNKh stands for Russian vystavka dostizheniy narodnogo khozyaystva (Exhibition of Achievements of National Economy). Between 1991 and 2014 it was also called All-Russia Exhibition Centre. It is a state joint-stock company. VDNKh is a member of exhibition associations: IUEF (since 1991) and UFI (since 1997).
During any season, any hour of day, Moscow thrills visitors with its artistry, history and majesty.
Kremlin and Red Square are still at the heart of Moscow – historically, geographically and spiritually. Feel the weight of this significance as you wander within the walls of the ancient fortress, marvel at the mind-boggling magnificence of St Basil's Cathedral, and pay your respects to the revered leader of a now-defunct state. Moscow will move you. She'll tantalise your senses, soothe your spirit, and boggle your mind; and it all starts right here.
What is more thrilling than watching a nimble ballerina defy gravity, as she leaps and spins across the stage at the glittering Bolshoi Theatre? Or feeling the force of Tchaikovsky's 1812 Overture, just a few blocks away from where it premiered more than a century ago? Or oohing and aahing as circus performers soar under the big tent? The classical performing arts in Moscow are still among the best in the world. Nowadays, even the most traditional theatres are experimenting with innovative arrangements, reviving lost favourites and hosting world premieres. Whether you appreciate the classics or experiment with the contemporary, the capital's performing arts are sure to impress.
The remains of the Soviet state are scattered all around the city. Monuments remember fallen heroes and victorious battles, while museums attempt to analyse and synthesise the past. See Lenin and Stalin – off their pedestals – at the whimsical Art Muzeon. Step into the Socialist Realist fantasy at VDNKh. Descend into the depths of the Soviet system at Bunker-42 Cold War Museum. And remember the millions who suffered at the Gulag History Museum. Nowadays, many fun or clever retro clubs and cafes give their guests a taste of the Soviet experience. You can even try your hand at Soviet-era arcade games (beyond Tetris).
People like to talk about 'the city that never sleeps,' but they should talk about Moscow. You don’t have to be a high-heeled glamour girl or a deep-pocketed man about town to enjoy the capital by night. Moscow has a club or a cafe for everyone, from nostalgia-rich retro to rocked-out indie, from contemporary-cool art cafes to let-loose dance clubs. And no matter where you spend the evening, all are invited to gather in the wee hours to watch the sunrise over Moscow’s golden domes and silver skyscrapers.